Elizabethan Theatre: Beginnings Important Time Period or Time Line of Elizabethan Age and Points

Elizabethan Theatre: Beginnings

  • Early 16th c. travelling actors.Considered vagabonds and thieves
    Later, a licenses were given to nobles for maintaining actors
    Thus, acting troupes came into being.
  • Acting Troupes :Played in the courtyards of taverns (called Inn-yards).
  • Temporary stage erected Permanent Theatres.
  • The 1st permanent theatre was James Burbage’s ‘The Theatre’

Theatre Timeline

  • 1564: On April 23 William Shakespeare was born.
  • 1576: James Burbage obtains lease and permission to build an amphitheatre, The Theatre, in Shoreditch, London. The Lord Chamberlain’s Men played here from 1594 to 1596.
  • 1577: Another open air amphitheatre called The Curtain opens in Finsbury Fields, Shoreditch, London.
  • 1587: Open air amphitheatre The Rose, Bankside, Surrey is opened
  • 1593: Theatres close due to the Bubonic Plague (The Black Death)
  • 1594: The Lord Chamberlain’s Company (formally known as ‘Lord Strange’sMen’) was formed.
  • 1595: March 15, First document mentioning Shakespeare connected with the Theatre.
  • 1596: From 1596 to 1597 London’s authorities banned the public presentation of plays within the city limits of London
  • 1596: James Burbage purchases Blackfriars and converts it to a theatre. Unable to get permission to open as a theatre and it stands empty.
  • 1597: Dispute over the lease of ‘the Theatre’. The Puritan owner, Giles Allen disapproved of the Theatre and the acting troupe.
  • 1597: Shakespeare’s troupe moved to the Curtain Theatre.
  • 1598: Timber from the ‘Theatre’ taken to use for the building of a new theatre to be called the Globe.
  • 1599: The Globe Theatre is opened on Bankside .
  • 1600: Richard Burbage is forced to lease out Blackfriars.
  • 1603: The Bubonic Plague (The Black Death) again ravages London killing 33,000 people – all theatres close.
  • 1613: On June 29, Fire at the Globe Theatre.
  • 1614: Globe Theatre was rebuilt on original foundations, this time the roof is tiled, not thatched.
  • 1616: April 25, Burial of William Shakespeare in the chancel of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford.
  • 1642: The English Civil War breaks out between the Parliamentarians (Puritans) and the Royalists
    1642: On September 2, Parliament issues an ordinance suppressing all stage plays.
  • 1644: On 15 April, Puritan landowner Sir Matthew Brend demolishes the Globe & builds houses on the site.
  • 1647: Even stricter rules passed by the Puritans restricting the staging of plays.
  • 1648: The Puritans ordered all playhouses to be pulled down, all players to be seized and whipped, and anyone caught attending a play to be fined five shillings.
  • 1649: The Civil War finally leads to the terrible execution of King Charles I by the Parliamentarians (Puritans).
  • 1653: Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.
  • 1658: Cromwell dies and the power of the Puritan starts to decline.
  • 1660: The Restoration, and the end of the Puritan rule, sees the opening of the theatres again.

Elizabethan Theatre

  • Round, wooden, roofless building.Three galleries of seats Pit (no seats) cost a penny “groundlings”.
    Main stage: 40 feet wide with a 27 feet projection into the pit Recessed inner stage (curtains and balcony)
    Music Room.
  • Provisions for Heaven and Hell

Published by Lucky Saxena

I am lucky saxena. Post Graduate student. Trying to fill some enthusiasm in everyone and provide UGC NET PGT TGT English literature Free Notes to everyone who can not reach to money oriented website or coaching. Try to spread kindness, knowledge and love through my blog.

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