Glossary of Terms Part 1

Allegory — The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. In some allegories, for example, an author may intend the characters to personify an abstraction like hope or freedom. The allegorical meaning usually deals with moral truth or a generalization about human existence.

An Allegory, literary Terms

Alliteration –The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words (as in “she sells sea shells”). Although the term is not used frequently in the multiple-choice section, you can look for alliteration in any essay passage. The repetition can reinforce meaning, unify ideas, supply a musical sound, and/or echo the sense of the passage.

Allusion — A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. Allusions can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical. There are many more possibilities, and a work may simultaneously use multiple layers of allusion.

Literary Terms

Ambiguity –The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.

Anadiplosis –The repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause. “Fear leads to anger; anger leads to hate; hate leads to suffering.”

Yoda analogy — A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. An analogy can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to
something more familiar. Analogies can also make writing more vivid, imaginative, or intellectually

Anaphora — One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences. “It was the best of times; it was the worst of

Literary Terms

Anecdote — A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event. The term most frequently refers to an incident in the life of a person.
antecedent — The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun. The AP language exam occasionally
asks for the antecedent of a given pronoun in a long, complex sentence or in a group of sentences.

Literary Terms,An ancedote

Aphorism — A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
(If the authorship is unknown, the statement is generally considered to be a folk proverb.) An aphorism can be a memorable summation of the author’s point.

Aphorism, literary Terms

Apostrophe — A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified
abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity. William Wordsworth addresses John Milton as he writes, “Milton, thou shouldst be living at this hour: / England hath need of thee.”

Atmosphere — The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the
setting and partly by the author’s choice of objects that are described. Even such elements as a
description of the weather can contribute to the atmosphere. Frequently atmosphere foreshadows
events. Perhaps it can create a mood.

Published by Lucky Saxena

I am lucky saxena. Post Graduate student. Trying to fill some enthusiasm in everyone and provide UGC NET PGT TGT English literature Free Notes to everyone who can not reach to money oriented website or coaching. Try to spread kindness, knowledge and love through my blog.

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